PTBD & Biliary Stenting

PTBD & Biliary Stenting

PTBD & Biliary Stenting

PTBD stands for percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, and biliary stenting is a procedure often performed in conjunction with PTBD. These procedures are used to treat obstructions or blockages in the bile ducts.

In PTBD, a thin needle is inserted through the skin and into the liver to access the blocked bile ducts. A contrast dye is injected, and X-ray images are taken to identify the exact location of the blockage. Once the blockage is identified, a catheter is placed into the bile ducts to create a pathway for the bile to drain out of the liver and into a drainage bag outside the body. This helps relieve symptoms and allows for the bile to flow freely.

Biliary stenting is often performed during PTBD or as a separate procedure. It involves the placement of a stent, a small, hollow tube, inside the bile ducts to keep them open and maintain proper drainage. The stent is typically made of metal or plastic and helps to bypass the blockage, allowing the bile to flow from the liver to the small intestine.

These procedures are commonly performed when there is a blockage in the bile ducts due to conditions such as gallstones, tumors, or strictures. PTBD and biliary stenting help alleviate symptoms such as jaundice, abdominal pain, and itching by restoring normal bile flow.

In summary, PTBD and biliary stenting are procedures used to relieve blockages in the bile ducts. PTBD involves the insertion of a catheter to allow bile to drain out of the liver, while biliary stenting involves placing a stent to keep the bile ducts open and maintain proper drainage. These procedures help alleviate symptoms caused by bile duct obstructions.