Uterine Artery Embolization

Uterine Artery Embolization

Uterine

Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is a minimally invasive procedure that is used to treat fibroids. Fibroids are noncancerous tumors that grow in the uterus. UAE works by blocking the blood supply to the fibroids, which causes them to shrink.

UAE is typically performed under sedation or general anesthesia. A small incision is made in the groin, and a catheter is inserted into the femoral artery. The catheter is then guided through the blood vessels to the uterine arteries. Tiny particles are then injected into the arteries, which block the blood flow to the fibroids.

UAE is a safe and effective procedure for treating fibroids. It is typically used to treat women who have heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, or infertility. UAE is also used as an alternative to hysterectomy for women who want to keep their uterus.

The risks of UAE are low, but they can include:

  • Pain
  • Bleeding
  • Infection
  • Spotting or bleeding between periods
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding after UAE
  • Painful periods after UAE
  • Infertility after UAE
  • Need for additional treatment after UAE

In most cases, the benefits of UAE outweigh the risks. The procedure is a safe and effective way to treat fibroids.

Here are the steps involved in uterine artery embolization:

  1. The patient is given sedation or general anesthesia.
  2. A small incision is made in the groin.
  3. A catheter is inserted into the femoral artery.
  4. The catheter is guided through the blood vessels to the uterine arteries.
  5. Tiny particles are then injected into the arteries, which block the blood flow to the fibroids.
  6. The catheter is removed.
  7. The incision is closed.

The patient will usually be able to go home the same day after uterine artery embolization. The procedure is usually successful in shrinking fibroids, but there is a small risk of recurrence.